Renal failure deaths and their risk factors in India 2001 – 13
Anna J Dare, PhD, Sze Hang Fu, MSA, Jayadeep Patra, PhD, Peter S Rodriguez, MSA, Prof J S Thakur, MD, Prof Prabhat Jha, DPhil for the Million Death Study Collaborators
Karnataka’s Roadmap to Improved Health
S. Rao Seshadria*, P. Jhab , P. Satib , C. Gauvreaub , U. Ramb , R. Laxminarayanc
Trends in bidi and cigarette smoking in India from 1998 to 2015, by age, gender and education
Mishra S, Joseph RA, Gupta PC, Pezzack B, Ram F, Sinha DN, Dikshit R, Patra J, Jha P
BMJ Global Health, 2016;1:e000005.doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2015-000005
Naive bayes classifiers for verbal autopsies: comparison to physician-based classification for 21,000 child and adult deaths
Miasnikof P, Giannakeas V, Gomes M, Aleksandrowicz L, Shestopaloff AY, Alam D, Tollman S, Samarikhalaj A, and Jha P
BMC Medicine, 2015;13(1):286+
Causes of Death Statistics for India 2010-2013
A Joint Report of the Registrar General of India and the Centre for Global Health Research
Gov of India Ministry of Home Affairs – Sample Registration System, 2015. website.
Research: What makes an eLife paper in epidemiology and global health?
Jit M, Franco E, Jha P
Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke and the Risk of Tuberculosis in Children and Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 18 Observational Studies
Patra J, Bhatia M, Suraweera W, Morris SK, Patra C, Gupta PC, Jha P
PLoS Med, 12 (6): e1001835. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001835, June 2, 2015.
Copenhagen Consensus 2015 Health Assessment Paper – Benefits and Costs of the Health Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda
Jha P, Hum R, Gauvreau C, Jordan K
Copenhagen Consensus, Working Paper, 16 January 2015.
Avoiding 40% of the premature deaths in each country, 2010—30: review of national mortality trends to help quantify the UN Sustainable Development Goal for health
Norheim O, Jha P, Admasu K,Godal T, Hum R, Kruk ME, Gómez-Dantés O,Mathers C, Pan H, Sepúlveda J, Suraweera W, Verguet S,Woldemariam AT, Yamey G, Jamison DT, Peto R
The Lancet, Early Online Publication, 19 September 2014. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61591-9
HPV-avertable cancer risks in India: A pooled analysis of 9 observational studies
Patra J, Dikshit R, Bhatia M, Ramasundarahettige C, Jha P
International Journal of Cancer 136, 491–492 (2015). doi: 10.1002/ijc.28998
The Effect of Health-Facility Admission and Skilled Birth Attendant Coverage on Maternal Survival in India
Montgomery A, Fadel1 S, Kumar R, Bondy S, Moineddin R, Jha P
PLoS ONE 9(6): e95696. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0095696
Tobacco Smoking, Alcohol Drinking, Diabetes, Low Body Mass Index and the Risk of Self-Reported Symptoms of Active Tuberculosis: Individual Participant Data (IPD) Meta-Analyses of 72,684 Individuals in 14 High Tuberculosis Burden Countries
Patra J, Jha P, Rehm J, Suraweera W
PLoS ONE 9(5):e96433. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096433
Estimates of the economic contributions of the bidi manufacturing industry in India
Nandi A, Ashok A, Guindon GE, Chaloupka F, Jha P
Tobacco Control BMJ doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051404
Reassessing the value of vaccines
Bärnighausen T, et al
The Lancet Global Health Volume 2, Issue 5, Pages e251 – e252, May 2014, doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70170-0
Gender Socialization: Differences between Male and Female Youth in India and Associations with Mental Health
Ram U, Strohschein L, Gaur K
International Journal of Population Research Volume 2014, ID 357145
Comparison of physician-certified verbal autopsy with computer-coded verbal autopsy for cause of death assignment in hospitalized patients in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review
Leitao J, Desai N, Aleksandrowicz L, Miasnikof P, Tollman S, Alam D, Lu Y, Rathi S, Singh A, Suraweera W, Ram F, Jha P
BMC Medicine 2014, 12:22
Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study
Aleksandrowicz L, Malhotra V, Dikshit R, Gupta P, Kumar R, Sheth J, Rathi S, Suraweera W, Miasnikof P, Jotkar R, Sinha D, Awasthi S, Bhatia P, Jha P
BMC Medicine 2014, 12:21
Performance of four computer-coded verbal autopsy methods for cause of death assignment compared with physician coding on 24,000 deaths in low- and middle-income countries
Desai N, Aleksandrowicz L, Miasnikof P, Lu Y, Leitao J, Byass P, Tollman S, Mee P, Alam D, Rathi S, Singh A, Kumar R, Ram F, Jha P
BMC Medicine 2014, 12:20
Reliable direct measurement of causes of death in low- and middle-income countries
BMC Medicine 2014, 12:19
Global Effects of Smoking, of Quitting, and of Taxing Tobacco
Jha P, Peto R
NEJM 2014; 370:60-8 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra1308383
How Much Have Global Problems Cost the World? Chapter 7 Human Health: The Twentieth-Century Transformation of Human Health – Its Magnitude and Value
Jamison D, Jha P, Malhotra V, Verguet S
Cambridge University Press. 2013; Copenhagen Consensus Centre
Global health: the importance of evidence-based medicine
Birbeck G, Wiysonge C, Mills E, Frenk J, Zhou X, Jha P
BMC Medicine. October 2013; 11:223
Neonatal, 1-59 month, and under-5 mortality in 597 Indian districts, 2001 to 2012: estimates from national demographic and mortality surveys
Ram U, Jha P, Ram F, Kumar K, Awasthi S, Shet A, Pader J, Nansukusa S, Kumar R.
Lancet Global Health. 2013; 19 September DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70073-1
Road traffic injury mortality and its mechanisms in India: nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homes
Hsiao M, Malhotra A, Thakur JS, Sheth JK, Nathens AB, Dhingra N, Jha P, for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
BMJ Open. 2013; 3:e002621
Measles mortality in high and low burden districts of India: Estimates from a nationally representative study of over 12,000 child deaths
Morris SK, Awasthi S, Kumar R, Shet A, Khera A, Nakhaee F, Ram U, Brandao JR, Jha P, on behalf of the Million Death Study Collaborators.
Vaccine. 2013; 31(41):4655-61
Smoking-attributable mortality in Bangladesh: proportional mortality study
Alam DS, Jha P, Ramasundarahettige C, Streatfield PK, Niessen LW, Chowdhury MAH, Siddiquee AT, Ahmed S, Evans TG.
Bull World Health Organ. 2013; In Press: BLT.13.120196
An observational study to assess changes in social inequality in smoking-attributable upper aero digestive tract cancer mortality among Canadian males between 1986 and 2001
Singhal S, Quiñonez, Jha P.
BMC Public Health. 2013; 13(328).
21st-Century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States
Jha P, Ramasundarahettige C, Landsman V, Rostron B, Thun M, Anderson RN, McAfee T, Peto R.
N Engl J Med. 2013; 368: 341-50.
Deaths from symptomatically identifiable furious rabies in India: a nationally representative mortality survey
Suraweera W, Morris SK, Kumar R, Warrell DA, Warrell MJ, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012; 6(10): e1847.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for sexual transmission of HIV in India
Arora P, Nagelkerke NJD, Jha P.
PLoS One. 2012; 7(8): e44094.
Death and taxes: epidemiological and economic evidence on smoking
Global Heart. 2012; 7: 139-42.
Rotavirus mortality in India: estimates based on a nationally representative survey of diarrhoeal deaths
Morris SK, Awasthi S, Khera A, Bassani DG, Kang G, Parashar UD, Kumar R, Shet A, Glass RI, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
Bull World Health Organ. 2012; BLT.12.101873
Unintentional injury mortality in India, 2005: Nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homes
Jagnoor J, Suraweera W, Keay L, Ivers RQ, Thakur JS, Jha P.
BMC Public Health. 2012; 12(487).
Suicide mortality in India: a nationally representative survey
Patel V, Ramasundarahettige C, Vijayakumar L, Thakur JS, Gajalakshmi V, Gururaj G, Suraweera W, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
Lancet. 2012; 379: 2343-51.
Cancer mortality in India: a nationally representative survey
Dikshit R, Gupta PC, Ramasundarahettige C, Gajalakshmi V, Aleksandrowicz L, Badwe R, Kumar R, Roy S, Suraweera W, Bray F, Mallath M, Singh PK, Sinha DN, Shet AS, Gelband H, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
Lancet. 2012; 379: 1807-16.
Factors associated with physician agreement and coding choices of cause of death using verbal autopsies for 1130 maternal deaths in India.
Montgomery AL, Morris SK, Bassani DG, Kumar R, Jotkar R, Jha P.
PLoS One. 2012; 7(3): e33075.
Factors associated with physician agreement on verbal autopsy of over 11500 injury deaths in India.
Hsiao M, Morris SK, Bassani DG, Montgomery AL, Thakur JS, Jha P.
PLoS One. 2012; 7(1): e30336.
A rational taxation system of bidis and cigarettes to reduce smoking deaths in India.
Jha P, Guindon E, Joseph RA, Nandi A, John RM, Rao K, Chaloupka FJ, Kaur J, Gupta PC, Rao MG.
Economic & Political Weekly. 2011; Oct 15.
HIV, HSV-2 and syphilis among married couples in India: patterns of discordance and concordance.
Arora P, Nagelkerke N, Sgaier SK, Kumar R, Dhingra N, Jha P.
Sex Transm Infect. 2011; 87: 516-20.
Geospatial assessment of the relationship between altitude and mortality in India.
Hsiao C, Jha P.
4th International Conference on HealthGIS 2011. August 5-6th, 2011, New Delhi, India.
Childhood and adult mortality from unintentional falls in India.
Jagnoor J, Suraweera W, Keay L, Ivers RQ, Thakur JS, Gururajd G, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
Bull World Health Organ. 2011; 89: 733-40.
Male use of female sex work in India: a nationally representative behavioural survey.
Gaffey MF, Venkatesh S, Dhingra N, Khera A, Kumar R, Arora P, Nagelkerke N, Jha P.
PLoS One. 2011; 6(7): e22704.
Trends in selective abortions of girls in India: analysis of nationally representative birth histories from 1990 to 2005 and census data from 1991 to 2011.
Jha P, Kesler MA, Kumar R, Ram F, Ram U, Aleksandrowicz L, Bassani DG, Chandra S, Banthia JK.
Lancet. 2011; 377: 1921-8.
Diarrhea, pneumonia, and infectious disease mortality in children aged 5-14 years in India.
Morris SK, Bassani DB, Awashti S, Kumar R, Shet A, Suraweera W, Jha P, for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
PLoS One. 2011 May; 6(5): e20119.
Unintentional injury deaths among children younger than five years of age in India: a nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homes.
Jagnoor J, Keay L, Ivers R, Suraweera W, Jha P.
Injury Prevention. 2011; 17: 151-5.
Snakebite mortality in India: a nationally representative mortality survey.
Mohapatra B, Warrell DA, Suraweera W, Bhatia P, Dhingra N, Jotkar R, Mony P, Whitaker R, Jha P.
PLoS NTD. 2011 Apr 12; 5(4): e1018 [Epub].
Capturing the context of maternal deaths from verbal autopsies: a reliability study of the Maternal Data Extraction Tool (M-DET).
Montgomery AL, Morris SK, Kumar R, Jotkar R, Money P, Bassani DG, Jha P.
PLoS One. 2011; 6(2): e14637.
Towards achievement of universal healthcare in India by 2020: a call to action.
Reddy KS, Patel V, Jha P et al., for The Lancet India Group for Universal Healthcare.
Lancet. 2011; 377: 760-8.
Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: nationally-representative mortality survey.
Bassani DG, Kumar R, Morris SK, Jha P et al, for the Million Death Study Collaborators.
Lancet. 2010; 376: 1853-6. Webappendix.
Prevalence and correlates of Herpes Simplex Virus-2 and syphilis infections in the general population in India.
Sgaier SK, Mony P, Jayakumar S,McLaughlin C, Arora P, Kumar R, Bhatia P, Jha P.
Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Nov 8 [Epub].
Child mortality from solid-fuel use in India: a nationally-representative case-control study.
Bassani DG, Jha P, Dhingra N, Kumar R.
BMC Public Health. 2010; 12: 491.
Canada’s perceived lack of leadership on global tobacco control.
Hébert PC, Reddy KS, Jha P.
CMAJ. 2010; 182(10).
Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysis.
Black RE, Cousens S, Johnson HL, Lawn JE, Rudan I, Bassani DG, Jha P, Campbell H, Walker CF, Cibulskis R, Eisele T, Liu L, and Mathers C. for the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF.
Lancet. 2010; 375(9730): 1969-87.
Factors associated with physician agreement on verbal autopsy of over 27000 childhood deaths in India.
Morris SK, Bassani DG, Kumar R, Awasthi S, Paul VK, Jha P.
PLoS One. 2010; 5(3): e9583.
HIV mortality and infection in India: estimates from nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homes.
Jha P, Kumar R, Khera A, Bhattachary M, Arora P, Gajakshmi V, Bhatia P, Kam D, Bassani DG, Sullivan A, Suraweera W, McLaughlin C, Dhingra N, Nagelkerke N on behalf of Million Death Study Collaborators.
BMJ. 2010; 340: c621.
The Summary Index of Malaria Surveillance (SIMS): a stable index of malaria within India.
Cohen A, Dhingra N, Jotkar R, Rodrigues P, Sharma VP, Jha P.
Popul Health Metr. 2010; 8(1): 1.
Avoidable global cancer deaths and total deaths from smoking.
Nature Reviews Cancer. 2009; 9: 655-664.
Fire-related deaths in India: how accurate are the estimates?
J Jagnoor, Ivers R, Kumar R, Jha P.
Lancet. 2009; 374(9684); 117.
Heterogeneity in host HIV susceptibility as a potential contributor to recent HIV prevalence declines in Africa.
Nagelkerke N, de Vlas SJ, Jha P, Luo M, Plummer FA, Kaul R.
AIDS 2009; 23(1): 131-2.
Universalizing access to primary health care in India.
Kumar R, Kaur M, Jha P.
Indian Journal of Public Health. 2009; 53: 22-26.
Gender inequity and age-appropriate immunization cover in India from 1992-2006.
Corsi DJ, Bassani DG, Kumar R, Awasthi S, Jotkar R, Kaur N, Jha P.
BMC Int. Health and Human Rights. 2009. [EPub].
A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in India.
Jha P, Jacob B, Gajalakshmi V, et al.
N Engl J Med. 2008 February 13. [Epub].
Smoking, HIV and non-fatal tuberculosis in an urban African population.
Ramin B, Kam D, Feleke D, Jacob B, Jha P.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Jun; 12(6): 695-7.
Trends in HIV incidence in India from 2000 to 2007.
Arora P, Kumar R, Bhattacharya M, Nagelkerke NJ, Jha P.
Lancet. 2008; 372: 289-90.
Biobanks in developing countries: needs and feasibility.
Sgaier, SK, Jha P, Mony P, Kurpad A, Lakshmi V, Kumar R, Ganguly NK.
Science. 2007; 318; 1074-5.
Interim measures for meeting needs for health sector data: births, deaths, and causes of death.
Hill K, Lopez AD, Shibuya K, Jha P.
Lancet. 2007 Oct 26. [Epub].
A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyone.
Setel PW, Macfarlane SB, Szreter S, Mikkelsen L, Jha P, Stout S, AbouZahr C.
Lancet. 2007 October 26. [Epub].
Commentary: Reliable measurement of the causes of mortality in developing countries.
Jha P, Jacob B, Kumar R.
Int J Epidemiol. 2007; 36: 651- 653.
Sexual risk factors for HIV infection in early and advanced HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic overview of 68 epidemiological studies.
Chen L, Jha P, Stirling B et al.
PLoS One. 2007; 2(10): e1001.
Poverty and chronic diseases in Asia: challenges and opportunities.
Jha P, Chen Z.
CMAJ. 2007; 177(9): 1059-1062.
Mortality in Iraq.
Jha P, Gajalakshmi V, Dhingra N, Jacob B.
Lancet. 2007; 369: 101.
Participation in HIV vaccine trials: listening to participant and community concerns.
Mills EJ, Jha P.
Ind J of Medical Research. 2006; 124(6): 608-10.
Reducing the burden of smoking worldwide: effectiveness of interventions and their coverage.
Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, Carrao M, Jacob B.
Drug and Alcohol Review. 2006; 25: 597-609.
Body Mass Index, sexual behaviour, and sexually transmitted infections: an analyses using the NHANES 1999-2000 data.
Nagelkerke N, Bernsen RMD, Sgaier S, Jha P.
BMC Public Health. 2006; 6: 199.
Social inequalities in male mortality, and in male mortality from smoking: indirect estimation from national death rates in England and Wales, Poland, and North America.
Jha P, Peto R, Zatonski W, Boreham J, Jarvis M, Lopez A D.
Lancet. 2006; 368:367-370.
Advancement of global health: key messages from the Disease Control Priorities Project.
Laxminarayan R, Mills AJ, Breman JG, Measham AR, Alleyne G, Claeson M, Jha P, Musgrove P, Chow J, Shahid-Salles S, Jamison DT.
Lancet. 2006; 367: 1193-1208.
Trends in HIV-1 in young adults in south India from 2000 to 2004: a prevalence study.
Kumar R, Jha P, Arora P et al.
Lancet. 2006; 367: 1164-1172.
Low male-to-female sex ratio of children born in India: national survey of 1.1 million households.
Jha P, Kumar R, Vasa P et al.
Lancet. 2006; 367: 211-218.
Better health statistics are possible.s
Bchir A, Bhutta Z, Binka F, Black R, Bos E, Bradshaw D, Garnett G, Hayashi K, Jha P et al.
Lancet 2006; 367:190-193.
Prospective study of one million deaths in India: rationale, design and validation results.
Jha P, Gajalakshimi V, Gupta PC, et al for the RGI-CGHR Prospective Study Collaborators.
PLoS Medicine. 2006; 3: 191-200.
Smoking & premature mortality: reflections on the contributions of Richard Doll.
Jha P, Zatonski W.
CMAJ. 2005; 173(5): 476-7.
Bidi and cigarette smoking and risk of myocardial infarction in urban India.
Rastogi S, Jha P, Reddy KVS et al.
Tobacco Control. 2005; 173(5): 476-7.
More on India’s HIV-1 epidemic.
Jha P, Arora P, Nagelkerke N.
CMAJ. 2005; 173(1): 18.
Does use of tobacco or alcohol contribute to impoverishment from hospitalization costs in India?
Bonu S, Rani M, Peters DH, Jha P, Nguyen SN.
Health Policy Plan. 2005; 20(1): 41-9.
Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics.
Setel P, Sankoh O, Rao C, Velkoff VA, Mathers C, Gonhuan Y, Jha P, Sethi RC, Hemed Y, Lopez AD.
Bull World Health Organ. 2005; 83(8): 611-617.
Jha P, Brown D, Nagelkerke N, Slutsky AS, Jamison, DT.
CMAJ. 2005; 172.
Weapons of mass salvation: Canada’s role in improving the health of the global poor.
CMAJ. 2004; 170(1): 66-7.
Evidence for global health.
Jha P, Lavery JV.
CMAJ. 2004; 170(11): 1687-8.
Household tobacco and alcohol use, and child health: an exploratory study from India.
Bonu S, Rani M, Jha P, Peters DH, Nguyen SN.
Health Policy. 2004; 70(1): 67-83.
India’s HIV-1 epidemic.
Arora P, Cyriac A, Jha P.
CMAJ. 2004; 171(11).
Social and economic justice: the road to health.
Jha P, Lavery J.
CMAJ. 2004; 171(9).
Health and economic benefits of an accelerated program of research to combat global infectious diseases.
Jha P, Brown D, Slutsky AS et al for Global IDEA Scientific Advisory Committee.
CMAJ. 2004; 172(12): 1538-39.
Tobacco use in India: prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey.
Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L.
Tobacco Control. 2003; 12(4): e4.
Risk factors for adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix in women aged 20-44 years: the UK national case-control study of cervical cancer.
Green J, Berrington de Gonzalez A, Sweetland S, Beral V, Chilvers C, Crossley B, Deacon J, Hermon C, Jha P, et al.
Br J Cancer. 2003; 89: 2078-86.
Global efforts for reducing the burden of smoking.
Chaloupka FJ, Jha P, Currao M et al.
Disease Management Health Outcomes. 2003; 11(10): 647-661(15).
Smoking and mortality from tuberculosis and other diseases in India: retrospective study of 43000 adult male deaths and 35000 controls.
Gajalakshmi V, Peto R, Kanaka T, Jha P.
Lancet. 2003; 362: 507-515.
Mother-to-child HIV transmission and ARVs.
de Vlas SJ, Nagelkerke NJ, Jha P, Plummer FA.
Science. 2002; 298(5601): 2129.
Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmission.
Nagelkerke NJ, Jha P, de Vlas SJ, Korenromp EL, Moses S, Blanchard JF, Plummer FA.
Bull World Health Organ. 2002; 80(2): 89-96.
Global and regional estimates of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of price increases and other tobacco control policies.
Ranson K, Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, Nguyen S.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2002; 4(3): 311-9.
Oral contraceptives and cervical cancer.
Berrington A, Jha P, Peto J, Green J, Hermon C.
Lancet. 2002; 360(9330): 410.
Estimates of global and regional smoking prevalence in 1995, by age and sex.
Jha P, Ranson MK, Nguyen SN, Yach D.
Am J Public Health. 2002; 92(6): 1002-6.
Improving the health of the global poor.
Jha P, Mills A, Hanson K, Kumaranayake L, et al.
Science. 2002; 295(5562): 2036-9.
Story on smoking and poor people is incomplete.
Jha P, Musgrove P, Chaloupka FJ, Yach D.
BMJ. 2001; 323: 1070.
The economics of global tobacco control.
Jha P, Chaloupka FJ.
BMJ. 2000; 321: 358-361.
Death and taxes: the economics of tobacco control.
Jha P, de Beyer J, Heller P.
Finance and Development. 1999, 46-49.
Tobacco Taxes: A Win-win for Fiscal Space and Health.
Jha P, Joseph R, Li D, Gauvreau C, Anderson I, Moser P, Bonu S, Bhushan I, Chaloupka FJ.
Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2012.
Choosing Health: An Entitlement for All Indians.
Jha P, Laxminarayan R.
Toronto and New Delhi: CGHR, University of Toronto, 2009.
Causes of Death in India: Results from the Million Death Study.
RGI/CGHR. New Delhi: Registrar General; 2009
Sex, Money and Ideas: Two Decades of Battling AIDS in India.
Jha P. In: The Commonwealth Health Ministers Book 2008.
London: Commonwealth Secretariat, 2008.
Maternal Mortality in India, 1997–2003: Trends, Causes and Risk Factors.
RGI/CGHR. New Delhi: Registrar General, 2006.
Special Fertility & Mortality Survey, 1998. A Report of 1.1 Million Indian Households.
RGI/CGHR. New Delhi: Registrar General, 2005.
Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control.
Jha P and Chaloupka FJ.
Washington: World Bank, 1999.