Preference for sons and smaller families and, in the case of China, a one-child policy, have contributed to missing girl births in India and China over the last few decades due to sex-selective abortions. Selective abortion occurs also among Indian and Chinese diaspora, but their variability and trends over time are unknown. We examined conditional [...]
Background: Studies on the extent to which long-term exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5μm≤2.5μm(PM2.5PM2.5) contributes to adult mortality in India are few, despite over 99% of Indians being exposed to levels that the World Health Organization (WHO) considers unsafe. Objective: We conducted a retrospective cohort study within the Million Death Study (MDS) to [...]
The incidence of the omicron BA.1/1.1 variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which rapidly spread worldwide even among vaccinated persons, is incompletely defined.1 We quantified the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection during the initial omicron BA.1/1.1 variant wave among Canadian adults2 and the contribution of previous infection and concurrent vaccination to age specific [...]
Background: Sierra Leone’s child and maternal mortality rates are among the highest in the world. Yet little is known about the causes of premature mortality in the country. Methods: The Countrywide Mortality Surveillance for Action platform established the Sierra Leone Sample Registration System (SL-SRS), which involved conducting electronic verbal autopsies in 678 randomly selected villages [...]
|| Lauren A. Paul, Ye Li, Pamela Leece, Tara Gomes, Ahmed M. Bayoumi, Jeremy Herring, Regan Murray, Patrick Brown || Background Opioid-related mortality continues to rise across North America, and mortality rates have been further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study sought to provide an updated picture of trends of opioid-related mortality for Ontario, Canada between January 2003 and December 2020, [...]
Tobacco and nicotine use Bernard Le Foll, Megan E. Piper, Christie D. Fowler, Serena Tonstad, Laura Bierut, Lin Lu, Prabhat Jha and Wayne D. Hall Abstract | Tobacco smoking is a major determinant of preventable morbidity and mortality worldwide. More than a billion people smoke, and without major increases in cessation, at least half will [...]
India’s national COVID death totals remain undetermined. Using an independent nationally representative survey of 0.14 million (M) adults, we compared COVID mortality during the 2020 and 2021 viral waves to expected all-cause mortality. COVID constituted 29% (95%CI 28-31%) of deaths from June 2020-July 2021, corresponding to 3.2M (3.1-3.4) deaths, of which 2.7M (2.6-2.9) occurred in [...]
We analyzed trends in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) from 1997 through 2020, estimated absolute maternal deaths and examined the causes of maternal death using nationally representative data sources. We estimated that 1.3 million Indian women died from maternal causes over the last two decades. Although maternal mortality rates have fallen by 70% overall, the [...]
Half of the world’s missing female births occur in India, due to sex-selective abortion. It is unknown whether selective abortion of female fetuses has changed in recent years across different birth orders. We sought to document the trends in missing female births, particularly among second and third children, at national and state levels. Read the [...]
Snakebites killed 1.2 million Indians over the last 20 years
A U-shaped mortality age curve can be seen in Indian and African verbal autopsies
India and Bangladesh need to triple their current health spending to hit SDGs.
This study quantifies disease burden in Indian using transparent, intuitive, and reproducible methods.
First ever comparison of automated computer coding of causes of death versus standard physician coding.
Firearms remain a leading cause of death in men aged 15-34 years – accounting for 1.4 million deaths
Majority of 200,000 deaths in children aged 5 to 14 in India, China, Brazil and Mexico are preventable
Continued diligence in mass immunization and direct mortality monitoring are both needed to achieve elimination of measles deaths in India.
Public health interventions to mitigate temperature effects need to focus not only on extremely hot temperatures but also moderately cold temperatures
Previously unstudied nationally, cardiac mortality is on the rise in India, especially in rural areas and young adults
Higher cigarette prices would save millions of people
“We have designed a verbal autopsy tool to identify and remedy gaps in the HIV care continuum.”
Cause-of-death data can be captured at low cost, with high quality, and in a timely manner.
There is a need for ongoing attention to avoidable mortality in Mexico and among US Mexican Hispanics
India has avoided about 1 million deaths of children under age five since 2005 but there is still more to be done.
Routine vaccination and supplemental immunization between 2000 and 2015 saved 1. 6 million under-five children from death
South Asian countries must prioritize higher tobacco taxation and other control measures
Renal failure is a growing public health concern for India.
The burden of childhood cancer in India is substantially higher than previously suggested.
Cost effective solutions to address priority diseases, reduce poverty and increase economic growth
The number of smokers is rising and cigarettes are replacing bidi in India.
BMI, smoking, drinking and solid fuel use —combined— double or triple the risk of development of asthma.
Registrar General of India and the Centre for Global Health Research release statistics from the Sample Registration System and MDS
Cancer control in low and middle income countries is possible and will save lives
The DCP-3 Author Group presents key messages for costs, affordability, and feasibility of an essential package of cancer control
In India, women often seek facility delivery after complications arise, rather than to avoid complications.
Access to surgical care for time sensitive, life saving surgeries is an increasingly important topic in India.
Patra et al publish a new systematic review and meta-analysis of second hand smoke and TB